DNA testing does not always have to be court ordered. In fact, many lawyers find pre-emptive DNA testing is quite useful. Preemptive DNA testing allows an attorney the knowledge that their client is being honest with them. If a mother claims a man is the father of her child, only she knows with 100% certainty that this is true. A lawyer can spare themselves a lot of stress and confusion by requesting pre-emptive DNA testing so they don not have to deal with any surprises later on. When DNA test are done independently a lawyer is not required to submit the results, but they can if they feel it will benefit their case. Likewise, they can keep the results private if they would reflect their client in a negative light. That said, a court can still order their on DNA test and achieve the same results.